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Research Aids

Kendall Census

Census data can be very useful in tracing one's ancestry. Censuses were taken historically in many, but not all, countries around the world. Censuses are usually associated with national governments. There are also special census types including state and local censuses, musters, settler, military, convicts, Native American, church, and more. While data was used for administrative, political, economic, and sociological purposes, genealogists have found the information contained in censuses to be helpful.

This section is an overview of census information by country. The years censuses are available are noted with the status of these records including their availability, substitute or additionally preferred record types that are often used in the absence of census information with other notes that refer to resources that may be useful, etc. Authoritative sources were consulted in compiling this information.

Census content can range from strictly statistical information that lacks genealogical value to valuable family history details like the head of household, address, resident names (family and non-family), color or race, age, marital status, year of immigration, naturalization/alien status, literacy, place of birth, parent’s birthplaces, and occupation. Census details vary greatly from country by country and year taken. Generally, the earlier the census is dated, the less information is available. Each piece of data can be very helpful in constructing one’s ancestry. See the REFERENCE LIST at the end of the table for resources that can explain more about censuses, special types, their history, availability, nature of their content and the unique features that distinguish their usefulness in tracing your family history. See RESEARCH TIPS at the end of the page.

More information in census records specifically related to KENDALLs can be found in the RESEARCH CENTER Research Report ~ Special Studies section. As the RECORDS REPOSITORY development progresses, there will also be information from census data included for research purposes.

Please submit additions, corrections or other comments. It will be very helpful to know when the latest abstractions or indexes have been made available so they can be examined for Kendalls.

United States | England | Australia | Belgium | Bermuda | Canada | Caribbean / West Indies (Islands) | Channel Islands | Denmark | Finland | France | Germany | Iceland | Ireland, Northern | Ireland, Republic of | Isle of Man | Luxembourg | Netherlands | New Zealand | Norway | Scotland | South Africa | Sweden | Switzerland | United States Insular Areas | Wales | Other

Census by Country
Australia
CENSUS 
STATUS 
OTHER 
Belgium
CENSUS 
STATUS 
OTHER 
Bermuda
CENSUS 
STATUS 
OTHER 
Canada
CENSUS 
STATUS 
OTHER 
Caribbean / West Indies (Islands)
CENSUS 
STATUS 
OTHER 
Channel Islands
CENSUS 
STATUS 
OTHER 
Denmark
CENSUS 
STATUS 
OTHER 
England
CENSUS 
STATUS 
OTHER 
Finland
CENSUS 
STATUS 
OTHER 
France
CENSUS 
STATUS 
OTHER 
Germany
CENSUS 
STATUS 
OTHER 
Iceland
CENSUS 
STATUS 
OTHER 
Ireland, Northern
CENSUS 
STATUS 
OTHER 
Ireland, Republic of
CENSUS 
STATUS 
OTHER 
Isle of Man
CENSUS 
STATUS 
OTHER 
Luxembourg
CENSUS 
STATUS 
OTHER 
Netherlands
CENSUS 
STATUS 
OTHER 
New Zealand
CENSUS 
STATUS 
OTHER 
Norway
CENSUS 
STATUS 
OTHER 
Scotland
CENSUS 
STATUS 
OTHER 
South Africa
CENSUS 
STATUS 
OTHER 
Sweden
CENSUS 
STATUS 
OTHER 
Switzerland
CENSUS 
STATUS 
OTHER 
United States Insular Areas
CENSUS 
STATUS 
OTHER 
United States
CENSUS 
STATUS 
OTHER 
Wales
CENSUS 
STATUS 
OTHER 
Other
CENSUS 
STATUS 
OTHER 

Reference list

AustraliaBASICS ON AUSTRALIA MUSTERS AND CENSUSES. SAG, Society of Australia Genealogists.

CanadaWHAT CENSUS ARE AVAILABLE Library and Archives Canada. Bibliothéque et Archives Canada

Denmark DANSK DEMOGRAFISK DATABASE INDEX. Statens ARkiver, Dansk Data Arkiv.

Finland THE NATIONAL ARCHIVES ARKISTOLAITOS ARKIVVERKET. Genealogical Research

Ireland IRELAND CENSUS FINDER. Brenda Hay. ©2002-2008

National Archives - History of Irish Census Records

LEITRIM-ROSCOMMON 1901 Census Home Page

Netherlandshttp://www.volkstellingen.nl/ (Dutch Censuses 1795-1971)

New Zealand NEW ZEALAND CENSUS RESULTS As At 03 April 1881

Scotland SCOTLAND’S PEOPLE

United Kingdom (England, Wales, Channel Islands, Isle of Man) THE NATIONAL ARCHIVES, KEW. In cooperation with Ancestry.com.
See also RESEARCH GUIDE Domestic Records Information 11, Item 7.

United States THE SOURCE A GUIDEBOOK Of American genealogy. ED. Loretto Dennis Szucs & Sandra Hargreaves Luebking. Rev. Ed. Ancestry, Inc. Salt Lake City, Utah. 1997. See “Record Types. Chapter 5. Research In Census Records” pp. 103-146.

RESEARCH TIPS

  • Census data is usually easy to comprehend except for handwritten portions which can range from easy to difficult to interpret, and unfortunately can be indecipherable.
  • When you rely on transcriptions, rather than seeing original documents for yourself, you cannot assume total accuracy in the transcribed records. Mistakes can occur particularly when a person doing the transcribing is not familiar with a person's name or circumstance so they are not as able to make an accurate interpretation of the information.
  • The “type” data gathered varies from census to census. Who designs and administers the census for what purpose can also make a difference in content.
  • Census gathering sometimes MISSES people. While census records are supposed to account for all people that fit the objectives of the census, they do not always accomplish this. Accounting for people can also mean gathering and calculating statistical data, as opposed to recording personal information.
  • Censuses are often INCOMPLETE for a wide range of reasons - destruction, loss, poor archival preservation practices and more.
  • Censuses, other than national ones, are often overlooked by researchers. The top government for a country is not the only jurisdiction enumerating and recording information about people. You may find the local entities have such records and archivists or librarians were not aware of such.
  • Utilizing or creating a form similar to the format of the unique census you are planning to search can help you keep track of data more efficiently and accurately for future reference. You may want to go as far as recording line numbers, different pagination if there appears to be written and handwritten notation on a page, and crossed out information, side notes, etc.
  • You may need to learn a language to interpret and record information. There are many sources available to assist you with this. See the LANGUAGE section in Special Topics for tools to assist you with this.
  • Geographic history can play an important part in your decision of where to search for your ancestors since jurisdictions can change over time affecting where the data you seek will be categorized and maintained for viewing.

12/19/2014 5:47:40 PM